The Kegel exercise is designed to tone the pelvic floor, a group of muscles including the pubococcygeus muscle, known collectively as the levator ani.  Dr. Arnold Kegel first described this muscle’s importance in 1948, and it has since routinely been referred to simply as the Kegel muscle.

Poor tone of the Kegel muscle can cause incontinence (leaking urine when coughing, sneezing or laughing), discomfort, lack of sensation during lovemaking, unusual pain during childbirth, premature flexion of baby’s head, prolonged pushing in labor, damage to muscle, and feelings of pressure.  On the other hand, a strong Kegel muscle provides good urinary control, and assists in sexual pleasure including orgasm and a tight vagina.  Pediatricians even advise it for children who suffer from bed wetting.


When the circular Kegel muscles are tightened, they tend to draw the vagina upward and closed.  When relaxed, the vagina descends downward and open.  The ability to control this muscle can assist with childbirth by consciously being able to relax this muscle during pushing.  A woman who holds back by tightening this muscle for fear she might release urine or fecal matter is also holding back her baby, and instead of pushing the baby down and out is merely playing tug-of-war with her own sets of muscles and is ineffectually squeezing the baby and causing herself a lot of unnecessary pain.  You should deliberately become aware of the difference between tightening and loosening of this muscle so that you can deliberately welcome your baby smoothly.

After childbirth, the abdominal muscles are stretched carrying the baby, and the Kegel muscle is stretched having the baby.  It is important after the pregnancy and birth that these two sets of muscles be actively exercised to draw them back to their original shape and ability to function.  Keeping this muscle in good flexible condition during pregnancy allows your body to return to normal function sooner and easier after your baby is born.


The tissues of the vaginal walls actually have little sensation. Some of the woman’s sensations during lovemaking comes from pressure exerted on the inserted penis by her tightening this inner muscle layer which is just beneath the surface of the vaginal walls. At a certain point of sexual excitement the muscle may begin to contract rhythmically and automatically of its own accord. A tight, toned Kegel muscle can improve this rhythmic contracting and thus your ability to achieve orgasm. Men who exercise this muscle may find they are able to extend lovemaking by consciously withholding ejaculation.

Performing the Kegel

It is important to learn how to perform the Kegel properly to make the exercise as effective as possible.  You can learn just where this muscle is by inserting your finger into the vagina and trying to tighten the vagina around your finger, or by attempting to stop the flow of urine during urination.  However exercises should not be performed on a regular basis during urination, as this may increase the chances of urinary tract infection.

The muscles should be tightened progressively, layer by layer, in an attempt to exercise each muscle of the levator ani as individually as possible, and then released slowly.  Think of it as drawing your vagina slowly up an elevator, floor by floor, holding at the top floor for five seconds, then slowly going back down to the bottom floor—all the way to the basement.  Exercises should take place in cycles of 15-25, four times a day.

You can also perform this exercise by sitting on the edge of a chair and slowly drawing your vulva up, up, until it is no longer touching the chair.  Then gradually release the pelvic muscles until the vulva is again resting on the chair edge.  You can also try to stop the flow of urine when on the toilet, placing your legs far apart and contracting these muscles so that only about a teaspoonful of urine is released at a time.  If you cannot control urine flow in this way, your Kegel muscle is weak and needs to be strengthened through routine exercise.

You may perform this exercise anywhere, in public, at stoplights, etc., and no one will be the wiser.


  • Holistic Midwifery, Volume I, by Anne Frye; p169, 264-265.
  • Under the Apple Tree, by Helen Wessel; p54-55.
  • Husband-Coached Childbirth, by Robert Bradley; p95, 132-134.

A lifetime of benefit

"I wanted to thank you personally for the love, support and positive attitude you brought to the ups and downs of my pregnancy!  You were always there!  Thank you also for being inspired to open up a facility for us women looking for alternative options to the current birthing process.  You are awesome!  I hope you know how much you are appreciated and loved by our little family!"

- KR May 2015